Contact Us

50 Years Ago: The Beatles Record ‘Yesterday’

Subscribe to Ultimate Classic Rock on

The Beatles’ “Yesterday” was one of the earliest signs of their rapid growth and maturity, and has since become one of their most beloved and enduring songs. The string-laden ballad, written by Paul McCartney, was recorded on June 14, 1965.

That day was, in fact, dominated by McCartney compositions. In the afternoon session, from 2:30-5:30PM, the Beatles banged out “I’ve Just Seen a Face” and “I’m Down,” the latter of which served as the b-side of “Help!” But it was during the three hours later that evening, from 7-10PM, that history was made.

The story of the writing of “Yesterday” is, by now, almost as famous as the actual song. Paul McCartney woke up one morning with it inside his head. Plucking it out at the piano at his bedside, he wondered where he had heard it before. “It was like a jazz melody,” he said in Anthology. “My dad used to know a lot of old jazz tunes. I thought maybe I’d just remembered it from the past.”

McCartney played it for friends, to see if they knew the source. Once he realized it was his own creation, it was time for the words. Unable to figure out anything, he used the lines “Scrambled eggs / Oh, my baby, how I love your legs” to figure out the meter. Realizing it should be a one-word title, McCartney eventually came up with “Yesterday.”

When McCartney presented it to the other Beatles, the other three members quickly discovered there was no place for them to contribute. Producer George Martin suggested adding strings, but McCartney originally balked. “Paul said, ‘I don’t want Mantovani,’” Martin revealed in Anthology. “I said, ‘What about a very small number of string players, a quartet?’”

Listen to the Beatles’ ‘Yesterday’ Without Strings

Subscribe to Ultimate Classic Rock on

Intrigued, the two then collaborated on the arrangement. The classically trained Martin wasn’t thrilled with two of McCartney’s suggestions, the seventh by the cello in the second verse and the high note held by the violin in the last verse. But he relented to the composer’s requests. “That was the way the process worked,” McCartney said. “He’d show me how to write the song correctly and I’d try to sabotage the correct method and move towards the way I like music – make it original. I still think that’s a good way to work.”

Recording the song, however, was far easier than writing it. McCartney did it in one take with his acoustic guitar, with the strings being overdubbed — also in one take — while the singer redid his vocal. The quartet, according to Mark Lewisohn’s The Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Abbey Road Studio Session Notes, 1962-1970, consisted of Tony Gilbert (violin), Sidney Sax (violin), Francisco Gabarra (cello) and Kenneth Essex (viola).

Even though McCartney is the only Beatle on it, there was never any serious talk about it being credited to him alone. In fact, it wasn’t released as a single in the U.K. “We were a little embarrassed about it; we were a rock ‘n’ roll band,” McCartney added.

Instead, it was buried as the second-to-last song on the second side of Help! But for all of Capitol’s mishandling of the Beatles’ catalog in the U.S., they saw this song’s potential. “Yesterday” was issued as a single on Sept. 13, 1965. A month later, the tune went to No. 1, where it stayed for four weeks. In June 1966, it was essentially the title track to Capitol’s  Yesterday and Today LP.

Beatles Bible says that a song that once “embarrassed” the group has since been recorded by more than 3,000 other artists.

Meet Everybody on the Cover of ‘Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band’

You Think You Know the Beatles?

Subscribe to Ultimate Classic Rock on

Next: Top 10 Paul McCartney Beatles Songs

Recommended For You

Around the Web

Best of Ultimate Classic Rock

Leave a Comment

It appears that you already have an account created within our VIP network of sites on . To keep your personal information safe, we need to verify that it's really you. To activate your account, please confirm your password. When you have confirmed your password, you will be able to log in through Facebook on both sites.

Forgot your password?

It appears that you already have an account on this site associated with . To connect your existing account just click on the account activation button below. You will maintain your existing VIP profile. After you do this, you will be able to always log in to http://ultimateclassicrock.com using your original account information.

Please fill out the information below to help us provide you a better experience.

(Forgot your password?)

Not a member? Sign up here

Sign up for Ultimate Classic Rock quickly by connecting your Facebook account. It's just as secure and no password to remember!