Revisiting the Beatles’ ‘Live at the BBC’
From 1962 until 1965, the Beatles regularly performed on BBC Radio, recording 88 different songs across 53 shows. Live at the BBC, a selection of 56 tracks from those sessions, was released in the U.S. on Dec. 6, 1994. A companion, On Air — Live at the BBC Volume 2, came out in 2013.
Among the high points are 30 songs never performed on their studio LPs, including the John Lennon-Paul McCartney original "I’ll Be on My Way." Lennon and McCartney sang most of the leads but George Harrison and Ringo Starr also contributed. There are 29 cover versions of Motown, rockabilly, R&B and rock tunes as well as banter between the group and the staid BBC hosts.
This was a time before the Beatles were lauded for groundbreaking albums like Rubber Soul and Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band or immersed in controversy for their political views and advocacy of drugs. They were simply a great live rock ‘n’ roll band.
BBC Radio producer Kevin Howlett unearthed the material for Live at the BBC. Many tracks came from the BBC archives but some were producers’ personal copies or off-air recordings made by listeners. Beatles producer George Martin made the final track selections based on sound quality and the performances.
In order to perform on the BBC the Beatles auditioned in early 1962 for producer Peter Pilbeam. His assessment: “Not as rocky as most. More country and western, with a tendency to play music.” Pilbeam's opinion of the two lead singers? "John Lennon -- yes, Paul McCartney -- no." Nevertheless, the Beatles passed the audition and debuted on BBC Radio in March 1962.
“They treated those sessions very seriously,” Howlett told MusicRadar. “What’s extraordinary about the recordings is, you can really hear a band hungry and desperate to do anything they could to make it. That meant traveling hundreds of miles through the night to appear at a BBC studio, because the BBC hardly played a record in those days – you had to perform live to get your music out there.
“A lot of these tracks were either live straight onto the air or live straight onto a mono tape machine. There was some primitive overdubbing for session tracks in late 1963 onwards to 1964; not multi-tracking – it’s basically singing over the top or hand claps over what they’d just recorded.
“Most of it is absolutely live straight to mono. It does show what a wonderful live group they were and how they had the stamina to do so many live recordings in a short space of time in a BBC studio. There were times when they did 18 tracks in a single day, 19 tracks on another day.”
Even after they became international stars, the Beatles continued to appear on BBC Radio. Live at the BBC includes Lennon-McCartney hits like "Ticket to Ride," "I Feel Fine," "She’s a Woman" and "A Hard Day’s Night." The cover songs were picked from some of the best American artists: Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Buddy Holly and Ray Charles. Many of the covers were learned during long nights playing in Hamburg, Germany and Liverpool’s Cavern Club, though the band included contemporary hits they’d rehearsed at Abbey Road.
“Ringo said that they would go into the studio and experiment," said Howlett. "During their lunch hour, they would learn two or three songs and try them out. You can tell that they’re experimenting with pretty current R&B hits. Things like ‘Chains’ or ‘You Really Got A Hold On Me,’ these were current hits when they recorded those tunes.
“They were so good at learning songs very quickly and rearranging them for their lineup. Some of the songs they were covering – those American rhythm and blues songs, Motown tunes, hits on Tamla – they were never heard in Britain; they were never on the radio. Even though the Marvelettes’ ‘Please Mr. Postman’ was an American No. 1, it was just not heard in Britain. So they were very clever to seek it out and find it, but they were also so adept at arranging it for themselves. The Beatles were so in love with American music. You know, British musicians thought that they could never measure up to American rock ‘n’ roll and rhythm and blues, ‘cause that’s where it all started, and the thought was that it must be in the blood and the DNA of the American musicians.”
Here are some of the highlights. The Beatles gave "I’ll Be on My Way" to Billy J. Kramer without recording a studio version. The Lennon-McCartney composition was the B-side of Kramer’s U.K. hit, a cover of the Beatles’ "Do You Want to Know a Secret." When the Beatles performed the song live, the charming ballad featured a McCartney vocal with tight harmonies by Lennon.
No one covers Little Richard with as much energy and appreciation as McCartney. It’s no wonder; Little Richard taught McCartney his signature “wooo” in Hamburg during a 1962 tour. On Live at the BBC, McCartney contributed wild versions of Little Richard's "Lucille," "Long Tall Sally" and "Ooh! My Soul!"
The Beatles were huge fans of underrated soul singer Arthur Alexander. Over time they recorded his "Anna (Go to Him)" on their first album and performed "A Shot of Rhythm and Blues" and "Where Have You Been" live. Lennon showed his softer side as he took the lead on Alexander's "Soldier of Love (Lay Down Your Arms)."
Their love of Chuck Berry is evident on Live at the BBC, with Lennon taking the lead on seven Berry tunes. The highlights are an exuberant "Rock and Roll Music" and the laid-back "Memphis, Tennessee." Harrison gets in on the action with Berry's "Roll Over Beethoven."
Starr gets only two lead vocals but he seems to have a blast doing "I Wanna Be Your Man" and Carl Perkins’ "Matchbox." Perkins had a tremendous influence on all the Beatles. Harrison’s love of rockabilly is on display with two Perkins’ tunes: "Glad All Over" and "Everybody’s Trying to Be My Baby." Lennon takes the lead on "Honey Don’t’ (Starr would do the vocals for the studio LP) while McCartney covers "Sure to Fall (In Love With You)."
“You know, there’s such an edge to their performances on these recordings," Howlett observed. "As Paul McCartney says, they were playing ‘like their lives depended on it.’ They were in the moment, and when the light went on, they went for it. And they were really, really great.”