10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Rolling Stones’ ‘Beggars Banquet’
'Beggars Banquet,' released 45 years ago, is generally acknowledged as the moment when the Rolling Stones came of age. After three albums that found Mick Jagger, Keith Richards and group indulging in every kind of studio trickery, this 1968 masterpiece found the Stones returning to the band dynamic. Playing it straight, fast and loose, they emerged with iconic tracks like 'Sympathy for the Devil' and 'Street Fighting Man,' launching what became their most iconic period. But after all this time, are there still new things to be learned from this 40-minute blast of classic Rolling Stones magic? We went out in search of 10 Things You Didn't Know About The Rolling Stones' 'Beggars Banquet.'
As consistently great as 'Beggars Banquet' no doubt is, the album didn't include the huge hit single 'Jumping Jack Flash,' recorded during an inspired two weeks that also produced 'Street Fighting Man,' 'Jigsaw Puzzle' and 'Parachute Woman.' Sensing what they had, the Rolling Stones rushed out 'Flash' as a single, though it was at one point slotted to be a centerpiece of their forthcoming album. The gambit paid off handsomely when 'Flash' topped the charts in the U.K. and went to No. 3 in the U.S.
'Sympathy for the Devil' works as a kind of overview for destructive moments in human history, with mentions of the crucifixion of Christ, World War II, JFK's assassination and the Russian Revolution, in which the entire family of Tsar Nicholas II, save for daughter Anastasia, was murdered at the hands of the Bolsheviks. But a signature line had to be updated when Robert Kennedy was killed after 'Sympathy' had been written. Jagger changed the lyric to "the Kennedys."
In his endlessly fascinating autobiography 'Life,' Richards reveals that a chance discovery of open five-string tuning "really reinvigorated me," beginning with the sessions for 'Beggars Banquet': "It transformed my life," he writes. "I had hit a kind of buffer. I just really thought I was not getting anywhere from straight concert tuning." Richards would use the technique for 'Jumping Jack Flash,' then on 'Brown Sugar,' 'Honky Tonky Women,' 'Start Me Up' and others.
The plan was to produce an all-star television event to promote 'Beggars Banquet,' so invites went out to John Lennon, Eric Clapton, the Who, Jethro Tull and others -- all of whom gave incendiary performances. The problem: The Stones hated their own set, so the 'Rock and Roll Circus' special would go unreleased until 1996. It would be Brian Jones' final appearance -- and future Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi's only date with Jethro Tull.
The only song not written by Jagger and Richards that appeared on 'Beggars Banquet,' 'Prodigal Son,' was originally done by Robert Wilkins in 1929 as 'That Ain't No Way to Get Along.' This completed a circle of sorts, since a year earlier Wilkins is said to have recorded the first known song titled 'Rolling Stone.' And, in another sign of their return to straightforward fare, this was the Rolling Stones' first blues cover since their 1964 take on Willie Dixon's 'Little Red Rooster.'
No small amount of credit for the Stones' rebound from what Richards called the "flimflam" of 1967's 'Their Satanic Majesties Request' goes to their new producer. The late Jimmy Miller (a drummer himself) would oversee a period into the early 1970s marked by gritty songs and exciting rhythmic experiments -- beginning with the African-laced cadences of 'Beggars Banquet''s 'Sympathy for the Devil.'
The mandolin to the country-fried 'Factory Girl' was reportedly played by a then-unknown virtuoso named Ry Cooder. He also apparently recorded a slide part for the bluesy 'No Expectations,' although Mick Jagger says Brian Jones' take was used instead. Elsewhere, Dave Mason (who had worked with producer Jimmy Miller as part of Traffic) and Nicky Hopkins made important contributions, as well. Hopkins would become a de facto member of the Stones over the next few years.
Keith Richards couldn't get the sound he wanted for 'Street Fighting Man' until he came up with an ingeniously old-school idea: "I was fascinated by the possibilities of playing an acoustic guitar through a cassette recorder, using it as a pick-up." Charlie Watts took a turn on this antique snare drum and cymbal, and the basic track was finally created. Brian Jones later added tamboura, his last signature moment with the group.
Photographer Barry Feinstein was responsible for the original cover image for 'Beggars Banquet,' which was quickly pulled by the Rolling Stones' label after a torrent of complaints. He found the dirty toilet in a graffiti-covered bathroom (comments include "Wot, No Paper?") at a Porsche repair shop in Los Angeles. In its place -- at least for a while -- went a bland invitation-style cover, with the band name, album title and an RSVP request in cursive over a snoozy white background. Feinstein's original image has since been restored.
Oddly enough, the second cover of 'Beggars Banquet' has turned into something of a talisman for generations of subsequent groups. The stark design has been referenced, or blatantly replicated, on a series of records including John Waite's 'Temple Bar,' Poco's 'A Good Feelin' to Know' and the Afghan Whigs' 'What Jail Is Like,' among others.